The SACMEQ II Project commenced in 2000 and was completed in 2004. The SACMEQ II main data collection was implemented in fourteen SACMEQ Ministries of Education (Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania (Mainland), Tanzania (Zanzibar), Uganda, and Zambia). The research included an extensive assessment of the performance levels of students and their teachers in the areas of literacy and mathematics. The SACMEQ II Project data collection covered around 40,000 learners; 4,000 teachers; and 2,000 school principals.